Cancerous cells occur in the lining of the chest, abdomen, heart, and testicles due to asbestos exposure. Although Mesothelioma Prognosis may not appear until decades after the initial asbestos exposure, once detected, the illness can prove to be fatal in a relatively short time.
Mesothelioma is challenging to identify because its symptoms mimic those of other, more prevalent diseases. As a result, most patients get a diagnosis after the cancer has advanced. As a result, many people with mesothelioma do not qualify for surgery and die within a few months to a year after exhibiting symptoms.
What is the survival rate?
As scientists learn more about mesothelioma, the number of people who survive it steadily increases. More and more patients can live at least one more year after getting their diagnosis, and the number is steadily rising with patients who have lived for five or ten years with the disease. However, the current five-year survival rate for median mesothelioma patients is a dismal 10%.
Now you might wonder what factors can improve mesothelioma prognosis and what you can do to elongate the survival period? We will get to that but first, let’s look at the biology behind the prognosis.
How cell types also affect mesothelioma prognosis
Absorption of oral consumption of asbestos raises the chance of developing mesothelioma. It is common for mesothelioma to develop and appear after lengthy exposure to asbestos.
The mutation caused by asbestos exposure results in three different mesothelial cell types. The differences in mesothelioma cell types depend on asbestos exposure, which affects the patient’s treatment and prognosis. The primary ones are:
- Epithelial mesothelioma cells.
- Sarcomatous mesothelioma cells.
- Biphasic mesothelioma cells.
Carcinogenic mesothelium (the lining of the abdomen, heart, and lungs) cells have been mutated to produce malignant mesothelioma cells.
Facts regarding the cell type
- As per the American Cancer Society, epithelioid cells constitute most of all mesothelioma diagnoses and have a longer life expectancy than the other cell types.
- About 10-20% of mesothelioma cases, according to the ACS, include sarcomatous cells.
- According to the American Cancer Society, biphasic malignancies account for 20 to 30 percent of all occurrences.
- Cell types of mesotheliomas can be identified via a microscope using what is termed a cytologic exam, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
How mesothelioma cells are diagnosed
The only way to know for sure whether you have this condition is to have a biopsy, which is a sample of tumor fluid or tissue. Next, your doctor will discuss when the treatment is complete with a histopathologist, a physician specializing in studying sick cells. They will analyze a sample of cells to identify which kind is more prevalent. A medical team may use this data to develop the best treatment plan possible.
Additional diagnostic procedures, known as immunohistochemistry (IHC), may also be used by doctors to identify a patient’s cells. An antibody or matching molecule binds to distinct cell markers, which are proteins that categorize and identify cells, in immunohistochemistry (IHC). When a histologist introduces certain enzymes to a slice of sick tissue, specific colors might be seen. A more accurate diagnosis is possible because of these color shifts, which allow clinicians to see better and distinguish different tissue problems.
A rare condition: Benign tumors
The mesothelium, or lining, of the lungs, heart, or belly may form benign tumors. However, this is a rare occurrence. It’s essential to be aware of these lumps, even if they don’t expand as fast as cancerous tumors. Patients diagnosed with a benign form of mesothelioma should still pursue immediate treatment.
Life expectancy according to mesothelioma cell type
Tumor size and location significantly impact life expectancy for patients with mesothelioma. One of the most common forms of mesothelioma is pleural, which affects the linings of the lungs, and it has the best prognosis. Mesothelioma of the abdominal lining is the second most prevalent kind of mesothelioma. Overall, peritoneal cancer has a worse survival rate than pleural cancer, with a seven-month average survival period.
A five-year mortality rate of 5-10% is expected following diagnosis. However, several possible issues might put someone with mesothelioma in danger and deteriorate their life span, such as:
- Respiratory issues.
- Problems with the cardiovascular system
Common symptoms of mesothelioma include
- Abdomen lumps
- Blood clots
- A nagging ache under the ribs.
- Unintended weight loss
- Bloated stomach and discomfort
- Respiratory issues
Factors that help improve a mesothelioma prognosis
You may question whether there is any other way to improve mesothelioma prognosis besides medication. Below are the factors that can help improve life expectancy in mesothelioma cases.
Good overall health
One of the most important aspects of good health is a strong immune system. It is more probable that your body will be able to endure and recover from severe cancer treatments if you are healthy and active. Your PS, or performance status, tells doctors how well you’re doing.
A Healthy Diet
The immune system and muscle mass can be preserved, and malnutrition can be avoided by following a high protein diet. Patients with mesothelioma should consume a variety of protein sources daily in addition to a high-protein diet. Because of cancer’s increased metabolism, malnutrition and mesothelioma frequently occur concurrently, emphasizing the need for a healthy, high-protein diet.
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and a plant-forward diet is an effective method to fight cancer cell growth. High-processed meals, such as meat and dairy may cause inflammation and decrease the body’s ability to fight cancer.
As a result, a protein-rich, nutrient-dense diet may help improve the prognosis of mesothelioma.
File a mesothelioma lawsuit
Your loved ones might be eligible for financial compensation if they or you were diagnosed with mesothelioma.
In addition to obtaining monetary compensation, bringing a lawsuit helps spread awareness about mesothelioma. You may be able to get compensation for your suffering if you work with an experienced mesothelioma law firm. It is essential to choose a reputable legal practice based on their experience with asbestos litigation and the amount of money they have recovered for mesothelioma sufferers and their families. So don’t delay and seek immediate assistance.
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for mesothelioma, but specialists who work in the field can help. They know what their patients need and offer a treatment plan accordingly. As a result of receiving multiple treatment options, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, and having access to cutting-edge treatments such as immunotherapy and mesothelioma vaccines, patients have a better chance of survival.